Are you a SuperAger? Read on and find out
The term SuperAgers was created by US researchers at Northwestern University, a research university in Evanston, Illinois, who define it as “adults over age 80 who have the memory capacity of individuals who are at least three decades younger.”
What is a SuperAger?
A SuperAger is someone aged 80 or older who exhibits cognitive function that is comparable to an average person who is middle-aged.
Additionally, SuperAgers show less brain volume loss than is typical for someone their age. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scientists measured the thickness of the cortex in 24 SuperAgers and 12 members of a control group.
Normally ageing adults lose roughly 2.24% in brain volume per year, but the SuperAgers lost around 1.06%. Because SuperAgers lose brain volume more slowly than their peers, they may be better protected from dementia.
Common traits of SuperAgers
- SuperAgers live an active lifestyle.
Staying active is one of the best things people can do as they age. Even exercising twice a week will help lower a person’s chances of developing dementia later in life. Physical activity results in increased oxygen intake, which helps your body perform optimally. Exercise helps your heart, and muscle-strengthening exercises specifically reduce the risk for falls.
Regular exercise also helps you maintain a healthy weight. The risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease triples in individuals with a body mass index (BMI) over 30.
- SuperAgers continue to challenge themselves.
Mental activity can be just as important as physical activity. If Sudoku does not speak to you, no need to fret. Mental activity comes in many forms. Try reading an article on a subject with which you are unfamiliar or take classes that put you outside your comfort zone. These will help stimulate and engage the brain in new ways.
- SuperAgers love to chat.
SuperAgers tend to report strong social relationships with others, says said Northwestern Medicine Geriatrician Lee A. Lindquist, MD. To support this, the attention region deep in the brain is larger in SuperAgers. This region is packed with large, spindly neurons called von Economo neurons, which are thought to play a role in social processing and awareness. Dr. Lindquist states that autopsies on SuperAgers revealed they have more than four to five times the number of such neurons compared to the average person in their 80s.
“While we can’t guarantee that you’ll never get Alzheimer’s disease if you have a strong social network, it’s an important part of the lifestyle decisions we can make – like diet and exercise –that can contribute to living better, longer,” said Dr Lindquist.
- SuperAgers do indulge.
Yes, that’s correct. Dr. Lindquist says SuperAgers span individuals who are fitness buffs and those who indulge in a nightcap every evening. They also indulged in an occasional glass of alcohol; people who drink moderately were 23% less likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease or signs of memory problems than those who don’t drink alcohol.
Jennifer Ailshire, an associate professor of gerontology at the University of Southern California, told HuffPost SuperAgers do have certain qualities.
“We think of SuperAgers ... as people who are reaching 85 years of age, so they’re exceeding the typical or average life expectancy for ... their cohort,” she said. “For us, a SuperAger is not just someone who’s long-lived. It’s also someone who’s maintained a fairly high-level of physical, cognitive, psychological, and social well-being.”
How people go about accomplishing these qualities can be vastly different, but the common denominator for SuperAgers is that most appear to be socially active or engage in continuous, meaningful activity, with exceptions.
Do you know a SuperAger?